You can subscribe to The Science of Politics on iTunes here.

The Science of Politics features up-and-coming researchers delivering fresh insights on the big trends driving American politics and policy today. In 30 minutes, you’ll get beyond punditry to data-driven understanding.

Each episode goes in-depth on one hot topic in the news with two researchers who have just published relevant empirical studies. Hear about their new discoveries and get the broader context that’s lost in the daily news shuffle.

Topics covered include the influence of cable news, the gender gap in voting, and why our national discussion of climate change is so polarized. Grossmann and guests explain what we do and don’t know and why it matters as they knock down common myths and make cutting-edge research accessible to political professionals.

The Science of Politics is hosted by political scientist Matt Grossmann of Michigan State University and provided by the Niskanen Center, a Washington think tank dedicated to improving policy and advancing liberty.  

The podcast is available for a free subscription on iTunes and Soundcloud and on this site. We list each episode below with links to the studies discussed and the researchers interviewed.


Episode 1: How Fox News Channel Spreads its Message and Persuades Viewers
Studies: Bias in Cable News and No Need to Watch
Interviews: Gregory Martin, Emory University and Audrey McClain, Temple University

Episode 2: Why Republican Women Don’t Run for Office and Why It Matters for the Gender Gap in Voting
Studies: Which Women Can Run? and Who is Responsible for the Gender Gap?
Interviews: Heather Ondercin, Wooster College and Danielle Thomsen, Syracuse University

Episode 3: Polarized Opinion on Climate Change and Messages that Move Conservatives
Studies: Climate Change: U.S. Public Opinion and Improving Climate Change Acceptance among U.S. Conservatives
Interviews: Megan Mullin, Duke University and Graham Dixon, Ohio State University

Episode 4: How the House Freedom Caucus Gains Power in Congress
Studies: Building the Bloc and Who are President Trump’s Allies?
Interviews: Ruth Bloch Rubin, University of Chicago and Andrew Clarke, Lafayette College

Episode 5: How Gun Politics and Gun Policy Polarize America
Studies: Planting in Fertile Soil and Emerging Political Identities?
Interviews: Jay Barth, Hendrix College and Mark Joslyn, University of Kansas

Episode 6: Multi-Racial Electoral Coalitions for Minority Candidates
Studies: “Racial Change, Racial Threat, and Minority Representation in Cities” and “Racial Coalition Building in Local Elections
Interviews: Paru Shah, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; Andrea Benjamin, University of Missouri

Episode 7: Rules Around the Senate Filibuster
Studies: “Exceptions to the Rule: The Politics of Filibuster Limitations in the U.S. Senate” and “On Parliamentary War: Partisan Conflict and Procedural Change in the U.S. Senate
Interviews: Molly Reynolds, Brookings Institution and James Wallner, R Street Institute

Episode 8: Does the Tax Law Signal Change in How Parties use Tax Credits and Deductions?
Studies: “The distributive politics of tax expenditures” and “American Exceptionalism Revisited
Interviews: Christopher Faricy, Syracuse University and Joshua McCabe, Endicott College

Episode 9: Congressional Primaries: How the Parties Fight Insurgents
Studies: “The Party’s Primary” and “Congressional Primary Elections
Interviews: Hans Hassell, Cornell College and Robert Boatright, Clark University

Episode 10: The Resistance: Who is Protesting Trump and Are They Changing Public Views?
Studies: “American Resistance” and “A Change of Heart
Interviews: Dana Fisher, University of Maryland and Nazita Lajevardi, Michigan State University

Episode 11: Do Americans Implicitly Trust Government, Despite our Public Anger?
Studies: “Anger and Declining Trust in Government in the American Electorate” and “My Trust in Government is Implicit
Interviews: Steven Webster, Emory University and Stephen Nicholson, University of California-Merced

Episode 12: Are Americans Becoming Tribal, with Identity Politics Trumping All?
Studies: “One Tribe to Bind Them All” and “Affective Polarization or Partisan Disdain?
Interviews: Liliana Mason, University of Maryland and John Barry Ryan, Stony Brook University

Episode 13: Are Red and Blue States Making Red and Blue Policies?
Studies: “Policy Preferences and Policy Change” and “Lawmaking in American Legislatures
Interviews: Christopher Warshaw, George Washington University and Mark Richardson, James Madison University

Episode 14: Racial Stereotypes in Voting for Obama and Trump
Studies: “The Racial Double Standard” and “Negative Black Stereotypes, Support for Excessive Use of Force by Police, and Voter Preference for Donald Trump During the 2016 Presidential Primary Election Cycle.”
Interviews: Darren Davis, University of Notre Dame and Randall Swain, Eastern Kentucky University

Episode 15: How Debt Finance Leads to War and Defense Spending
Studies: “Borrowing Support for War” and “Guns, Butter, and Debt
Interviews: Sarah Kreps, Cornell University and Matthew DiGiuseppe, University of Mississippi

Episode 16: Anti-Immigration Politics: Is California’s Past the Republicans’ Future?
Studies: “Reexamining the Effect of Racial Propositions on Latinos’ Partisanship in California” and “Creating a Racially Polarized Electorate.”
Interviews: Iris Hui, Stanford University and Joshua Zingher, Old Dominion University

Episode 17: Labor Union Influence on Inequality and Legacy Costs
Studies: “Organized Labor’s Check on Rising Economic Inequality in the U.S. States” and “Unions, Parties, and the Politics of State Government Legacy Cost
Interviews: Laura Bucci, Saint Joseph’s University; Daniel DiSalvo, City College

Episode 18: When Liberals and Conservatives Use Genetics to Explain Human Differences
Studies: “Genetic Attributions: Sign of Intolerance or Acceptance?” and “Discord Over DNA: Ideological Responses to Scientific Communication about Genes and Race.”
Interviews: Stephen Schneider, University of Nebraska and Elizabeth Suhay, American University

Episode 19: Who’s More Afraid of Democracy: the Center or the Right?
Studies: “Follow the Leader” and “The Centrist Paradox
Interviews: Lee Drutman, New America and David Adler, Renewing the Centre

Episode 20: Did Facebook Really Polarize and Misinform the 2016 Electorate?
Studies: “Facebook News and (de)Polarization” and “The Stealth Media?
Interviews: Michael Beam, Kent State University and Young Mie Kim, University of Wisconsin

Episode 21: Does Nationalized Media Mean the Death of Local Politics?
Studies: The Increasingly United States and “Battleground States and Local Coverage of American Presidential Campaigns.”
Interviews: Daniel Hopkins, University of Pennsylvania; Kerri Milita, Illinois State University

Episode 22: How the Federalist Society Changed the Supreme Court Vetting Process
Studies: “Ideas with Consequences” and “Neil Gorsuch and the Ginsburg Rules
Interviews: Amanda Hollis-Brusky, Pomona College and Paul Collins, Jr., University of Massachusetts

Episode 23: How Campaign Money Changes Elections, Before and After Citizens United
Studies: “Dark Parties” and “Are Federal PACs obsolete?”
Interviews: Anne Baker, Santa Clara University and Stan Oklobdzija, University of California, San Diego

Episode 24: How Citizens Match their Issue Positions to Candidates and Causes
Studies: “Roadmaps to Representation” and “Saying Versus Doing” 
Interviews: Cheryl Boudreau, University of California, Davis and Nicholas Hass, New York University.

Episode 25: How the Tea Party Paved the Way for Donald Trump
Studies: Reactionary Republicanism and Party Takeover
Interviews: Bryan Gervais, University of Texas at San Antonio; Rachel Blum, Miami University of Ohio

Episode 26: How Marriage & Inequality Reinforce Partisan Polarization 
Studies: “The Home as a Political Fortress” and “Inequality and Public Polarization
Interviews: John Kuk, Washington University and Tobias Konizter of PredictWise

Episode 27: Are the Democratic or Republican Parties Becoming More Similar or Different? 
Study: Asymmetric Politicsand Red Fighting Blue
Interviews: David Hopkins, Boston College

Episode 28: How to Change Americans’ Views of Inequality: Teaching and TV
Studies: When Do the Advantaged See the Disadvantages of Others?” and “Entertaining Beliefs in Economic Mobility
Interviews: Cecilia Mo, University of California, Berkeley; Eunji Kim, University of Pennsylvania

Episode 29: How Americans’ Politics Changes Their Religion
Studies: “From Politics to the Pews” and “Putting Politics First
Interviews: Michele Margolis, University of Pennsylvania and David Campbell, University of Notre Dame

Episode 30: Interpreting the 2018 Election
Studies: “Delivering the People’s Message” and “The Unprecedented 2016 Presidential Election
Interviews: Julia Azari, Marquette University and Rachel Bitecofer, Christopher Newport University

Episode 31: Does Anyone Speak for the Poor in Congress?
Studies: “Poor Representation” and “Putting Inequality in Context
Interviews: Kris Miler, University of Maryland; Christopher Ellis, Bucknell University

Episode 32: How Public Policy Intentionally Segregated American Homeowners
Studies: “Segregation by Design” and “At the Boundaries of Homeownership
Interviews: Jessica Trounstine, University of California, Merced; Chloe Thurston, Northwestern University

Episode 33: Are Divided Governments the Cause of Delays and Shutdowns?
Studies: “Is Divided Government a Cause of Legislative Delay?” and “Divided Government and Significant Legislation: A History of Congress from 1789 to 2010.”
Interviews: Patricia Kirkland of Princeton University; Benjamin Schneer, Harvard University.

Episode 34: Did Chinese Trade Competition Increase Nativism and Elect Trump?
Studies: “Why Does Import Competition Favor Republicans?” and “What You See Out Your Back Door
Interviews:  Francesco Ruggieri, University of Chicago; James Bisbee, New York University

Episode 35: Does Diversity in Congress Translate into Representation?
Studies: “Lawmaker Age, Issue Salience, and Senior Representation in Congress” and “Descriptive and Substantive Representation in Congress
Interviews: Kenneth Lowande, University of Michigan and James Curry, University of Utah

Episode 36: How Online Media Polarizes and Encourages Voters
Studies: Frenemies: How Social Media Polarizes America and  “Mobilizing Millennial Voters with Targeted Internet Advertisements.”
Interviews: Jamie Settle, William and Mary; Katherine Haenschen, Virginia Tech

Episode 37: Why Governments Give Away Economic Incentives That Increase Inequality
Studies: “Incentives to Pander: How Politicians Use Corporate Welfare for Political Gain” and “Income Inequality and Economic Development Incentives in US States.”
Interviews: Nathan Jensen, University of Texas and Niskanen Center; Cynthia Rogers, University of Oklahoma

Episode 38: How Philanthropy Diverts Social Movements
Studies: “The Price of Civil Rights” and “The Self-Help Myth
Interviews: Megan Ming Francis, University of Washington; Erica Kohl-Arenas, University of California, Davis

Episode 39: Is White Identity Causing a Backlash Against Immigration? 
Studies: “White Identity Politics” and “Whiteshift
Interviews: Ashley Jardina, Duke University; Eric Kaufman, Birkbeck College

Episode 40: Higher Education – An Engine of Social Mobility or a Driver of Inequality? 
Studies: “Citizens by Degree” and “Unequal Higher Education”
Interviews: Deondra Rose, Duke University; Brendan Cantwell, Michigan State University

Episode 41: When and Where Can Climate Policy Succeed?
Studies: “Can We Price Carbon?” and “Politics in the U.S. Energy Transition
Interviews: Barry Rabe, University of Michigan; Leah Stokes, UC Santa Barbara

Episode 42: How Not-In-My-Backyard Politics Keeps Housing Costs High
Studies: “Who Participates in Local Government?” and “Why Do Renters Behave Like Homeowners?
Interviews: Katherine Einstein, Boston University; Michael Hankinson, Baruch College

Episode 43: How Obamacare and Medicaid Drive Voting
Studies: “Fragmented Democracy” and “Obamacare Implementation and the 2016 Election
Interviews: Jamila Michener, Cornell University; Vlad Kogan, Ohio State University

Episode 44: If Moderates Are Electable, Why Are Ideologues Winning?
Studies: “Who Wants to Run” and “Man Bites Blue Dog
Interviews: Andrew Hall, Stanford University; Stephen Utych, Boise State University

Episode 45: Do the Parties Prefer White Male Candidates? 
Studies: “The Party’s Primary Preferences” and “You Had Better Mention All of Them
Interviews: Neil Visalvanich, Durham University; Seth Masket, University of Denver

Episode 46: Can Diversity and Liberalism Rise Together? 
Studies: “America’s White Saviors” and “People Like Us?”
Interviews: Emily Wager, University of North Carolina; Zach Goldberg, Georgia State University

Episode 47: Explaining the Urban-Rural Divide 
Studies: “Why Cities Lose” and “The Density Divide”
Interviews: Jonathan Rodden, Stanford University; Will Wilkinson, Niskanen Center

Episode 48: Will a Good Economy Save Trump?
Studies: “It’s No Longer the Economy Stupid” and “In the Red”
Interviews: Sean Freeder, University of California, Berkeley; Robert Griffin, Voter Study Group

Episode 49: How Presidential Debates Influence Voters
Studies: “Presidential Debates in the Age of Partisan Media” and “Please Clap
Interviews: Ethan Porter, George Washington University; Patrick Stewart, University of Arkansas

Episode 50: Why Americans Dislike Government, Even When It Works
Studies: Good Enough for Government Work and The Government-Citizen Disconnect
Interviews: Amy Lerman, University of California, Berkeley; Suzanne Mettler, Cornell University

Episode 51: The American Public’s Growing Ideological Sophistication 
Studies: “The Changing Nature of Mass Belief Systems” and “Issue Alignment and Partisanship in the American Public.”
Interviews: Martin Wattenberg, University of California, Irvine; Austin Kozlowski, University of Chicago

Episode 52: Have Conservatives Transformed the States?
Studies: “Red State Blues: How the Conservative Revolution Stalled in the States”; “State Capture: How Conservative Activists, Big Businesses, and Wealthy Donors Reshaped the American States — and the Nation”
Interview: Alex Hertel-Fernandez, Columbia University

Episode 53: How Bureaucrats Make Good Policy
Studies: “Bending the Rules,” and “Diverse Lobbying Coalitions and Influence in Notice-and-Comment Rulemaking.”
Interviews: Rachel Augustine Potter, University of Virginia; Maraam Dwidar, University of Texas

Episode 54: How Trump Politicized Refugees
Studies: “Let Me Be a Refugee” and “The Strategic Case for Refugee Resettlement
Interviews: Rebecca Hamlin, University of Massachusetts and Idean Salehyan, University of North Texas

Episode 56: Do Early Primary States Still Pick Presidents
Studies: Identity Crisis; “Knockout Blows or the Status Quo?”
Interviews: John Sides, Vanderbilt University; Marc Trussler, Washington University

Episode 57: Do Democrats and Republicans Get Different Results?
Studies: “Noisy Retrospection” and “From Backwaters to Major Policymakers
John Holbein, University of Virginia; Jacob Grumbach, University of Washington

Episode 58: Will Trump Anger Motivate Black Turnout?
Studies: The Anger Gap; “Between Anger and Engagement” 
Interviews: Davin Phoenix, UC Irvine; Christopher Towler, Cal State – Sacramento

Episode 59: A Century of Votes for Women
Studies: A Century of Votes for Women
Interviews: Christina Wolbrecht, University of Notre Dame; J. Kevin Corder, Western Michigan University

Episode 60: Did Americans’ Racial Attitudes Elect Trump?
Studies: “Who Put Trump in the White House?” and Identity Crisis
Interviews: Justin Grimmer and Will Marble, Stanford University; John Sides, Vanderbilt University; Lynn Vavreck, UCLA

Episode 61: Can America Become a Multiparty System?
Studies: “Breaking the Two-Party Doom Loop” and “Maine Ranked-choice Voting as a Case of Electoral System Change
Interviews: Lee Drutman, New America; Jack Santucci, Drexel University

Episode 62: How to Build Institutions, Not Political Hobbies
Studies: Politics is for Power and A Time to Build
Interviews: Eitan Hersh, Tufts University; Yuval Levin, American Enterprise Institute

Episode 63: How Record Television Advertising Is Shaping American Elections
Studies: “The Blue Wave” and “Political Advertising in the United States
Interviews: Erika Franklin Fowler, Wesleyan University; Michael Franz of Bowdoin College

Episode 64: How News and Social Media Shape American Voters
Studies: Words That Matter and Network Propaganda.
Interviews: Hal Roberts, Harvard University, and Jonathan Ladd, Georgetown University

Episode 65: How Anxiety and Crises Change Our Political Behavior
Studies: Anxious Politics
Interviews: Bethany Albertson, University of Texas; Shana Gadarian, Syracuse University

Episode 66: Why Are Black Conservatives Still Democrats?
Studies: Steadfast Democrats; Conservative but Not Republican
Interviews: Ismail White, Duke University; Chryl Laird, Bowdoin College; Tasha Philpot, University of Texas 

Episode 67: Republicans Successfully Politicized Ebola. Can They Do It Again in 2020?
Studies: “Ebola, Elections, and Immigration”; “The Virus of Fear” 
Interviews: Claire Adida, UC San Diego; Filipe Campante, Johns Hopkins

Episode 68: What Became of Never Trump Republicans
Studies: “Never Trump“; “Adversaries of Allies?
Interviews: Steven Teles, Johns Hopkins; Robert Saldin, University of Montana; Karyn Amira and Jordan Ragusa, College of Charleston

Episode 69: How Much Do Vice Presidential Running Mates Matter?
Studies: “Do Running Mates Matter?” and “The Party Decides (Who the Vice President Will Be)
Interviews: Christopher Devine, University of Dayton; William Adler, Northeastern Illinois University

Episode 70: How Protests Change Parties and Elections
Studies: The Loud Minority; “The Science of Contemporary Street Protests.” Interviews: Daniel Gillion, University of Pennsylvania; Michael Heaney, University of Glasgow and the University of Michigan 

Episode 71: How Republicans Lost 2018 by Being Too Close to Trump
Studies: “The Electoral Consequences of Roll Call Voting: Health Care and the 2018 Election” and “Be Careful What You Wish For: The Impacts of President Trump’s Midterm Endorsements.”
Interviews: Sarah Treul, University of North Carolina; Andrew Ballard, American University 

Episode 72: How Overpoliced Communities Become Politically Engaged
Studies: The Portals ProjectMobilized by Injustice
Interviews: Vesla Weaver, Johns Hopkins University; Hannah Walker, University of Texas

Episode 73: How the Supreme Court Shapes (and Is Shaped) By Its Public Support
Studies: “Ideology and Public Support for the Supreme Court,” and “The Stability of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Legitimacy.” 
Interviews: Alison Higgins Merrill, Susquehanna University; Michael Nelson, Penn State University

Episode 74: How Donor Opinion Distorts American Democracy
Studies: What Do Partisan Donors Want?” and “Donors, Primary Elections, and Polarization in the United States” 
Interviews: Neil Malhotra, Stanford University; Jordan Kujala, UC Davis

Episode 75: The Roots of the Parties’ Racial Switch
Studies: The Great Migration and the Democratic PartyRepublican Party Politics & the American South, 1865-1968
Interviews: Keneshia Grant, Howard University; Boris Heersink, Fordham University

Episode 76: How the Plutocrats Win from the Populist Right
Study: Let Them Eat Tweets
Interviews: Jacob Hacker, Yale University; Paul Pierson, University of California, Berkeley

Episode 77: How Rich White Residents and Interest Groups Rule Local Politics
Studies: Hometown InequalityLocal Interests
Interviews: Jesse Rhodes, University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Sarah Anzia, University of California, Berkeley 

Episode 78: Racial Protest, Violence, and Backlash
Studies:Agenda Seeding” and “On the Dynamics of Ideological Identification
Interviews: Omar Wasow, Princeton University; Elizabeth Coggins, Colorado College 

Episode 79: Why Do Americans Accept Democratic Backsliding?
Studies:Democracy in America?” and “Ethnic Antagonism Erodes Republicans’ Commitment to Democracy.”
Interviews: Larry Bartels, Vanderbilt University; Matt Graham, Yale University

Episode 80: How Court Nominations Polarize Interest Groups
Studies:From Textbook Pluralism to Modern Hyper-Pluralism.” “The Supreme Court as an Electoral Issue.”
Interviews: Jonathan Kastellec, Princeton University; Alex Badas, University of Houston

Episode 81: Interpreting the Early Results of the 2020 Election
Interviews: G. Elliott Morris, The Economist

Episode 82: Compromise Still Works in Congress and With Voters
Studies:The Limits of Party” and “Compromise in an Age of Party Polarization
Interviews: Frances Lee, Princeton University; Jennifer Wolak, University of Colorado

Episode 83: Why Latinos Moved Toward Trump (and Why Most Are Still Democrats)
Studies:Latinos and the 2016 Election” and “The Influence of Country of Origin in the Process of Party Identification Acquisition.”
Interviews: Gabriel Sanchez, University of New Mexico; Giovanni Castro, Pennsylvania State University

Episode 84: How Presidential Appointments Reveal Policy Goals and Elite Interests
Studies: Vacancy Politics; “The Persistence of the Power Elite
Interviews: Christina Kinane, Yale University; Timothy Gill, University of Tennessee

Episode 85: How Much Did Trump Undermine U.S. Democracy?
Studies: Bright Line Watch
Interviews: Brendan Nyhan, Dartmouth

Episode 86: The Politics of School from Home
Studies: Homeschooling the Right; “Politics, Markets, and Pandemics.”
Interviews: Heath Brown, John Jay College; Leslie Finger, University of North Texas

Episode 87: Right-Wing Extremism and the Capitol Insurrection
Studies: Oath KeepersThe Alt-Right: What Everyone Needs to Know
Interviews: Sam Jackson, University at Albany; George Hawley, University of Alabama

Episode 88: When Partisans Endorse Violence
Studies: Radical American Partisanship
Interviews: Nathan Kalmoe, Louisiana State University; Lilliana Mason, University of Maryland

Episode 89: How Political Values and Social Influence Drive Polarization
Studies: Values and Political Predispositions in the Age of Polarization” and “The Social Dimension of Political Values.”
Interviews: Robert Lupton, University of Connecticut; Elizabeth Chase Connors, University of South Carolina

Episode 90: How Media Coverage of Congress Limits Policymaking
Studies: Combative PoliticsThe Politics of Herding Cats
Interviews: Mary Layton Atkinson, University of North Carolina at Charlotte; John Lovett, Wake Forest University

Episode 91: Values and Racism in American Immigration Views
Studies: Ignored RacismImmigration and the American Ethos
Interviews: Mark Ramirez, Arizona State University; Matthew Wright, University of British Columbia

Episode 92: The Resilience of the Filibuster and Its Myths
Studies: On the filibusterreconciliation, and the politics of reform
Interview: Sarah Binder, George Washington University

Episode 93: Conspiracy Beliefs Are Neither Increasing Nor Exclusive to the Right
Studies: American Politics in Two Dimensions” and “Why Do People Believe COVID-19 Conspiracy Theories?
Interviews: Joseph Uscinski, University of Miami; Adam Enders, University of Louisville

Episode 94: How Voters Judge Congress
Studies: Congressional Approval and Responsible Party Government” and “Incongruent Voting or Symbolic Representation?”
Interviews: Carlos Algara, University of Texas at El Paso; Adam Cayton, University of West Florida 

Episode 95: Is Demographic and Geographic Polarization Overstated?
Studies: The Divided (But Not More Predictable) Electorate, Demography, Politics, and Partisan Polarization in the United States, 1828-2016
Interviews: Seo-young Silvia Kim, American University; David Darmofal, University of South Carolina 

Episode 96: Can TV News Keep Politics Local?
Studies: Local News, Information, and the Nationalization of U.S. Elections, and Local News and National Politics
Interviews: Daniel Moskowitz, University of Chicago; Joshua McCrain, University of Utah

Episode 97: Do Congressional Committees Still Make Policy?
Studies: Committees and the Decline of Lawmaking in Congress, and Congressional Bargaining and the Distribution of Grants
Interviews: Jonathan Lewallen, University of Tampa; Leah Rosenstiel, Princeton University

Episode 98: Reducing Polarization with Shared Values
Studies: Who Do You Loath? and Navigating the Progressive Paradox
Interviews: Jon Kingzette, Ohio State University; Jan Voelkel, Stanford University

Episode 99: Why Rising Inequality Doesn’t Stimulate Political Action
Studies: America’s Inequality Trap and The Economic Other 
Interviews: Nathan Kelly, University of Tennessee; Meghan Condon, Loyola University Chicago 

Episode 100: The Role of Political Science in American Life
Studies:  Why We’re Polarized
Interviews: Ezra Klein, New York Times

Episode 101: The Growing Influence of the Non-Religious
Studies: The NonesSecular Surge
Interviews: Ryan Burge, Eastern Illinois University; John C. Green, University of Akron

Episode 102: Why Lawyers Rule American Politics
Study: The Judicial Tug of War
Interviews: Adam Bonica, Stanford University; Maya Sen, Harvard University

Episode 103: How the Media Economy Drives Local News
Study: News for the Rich, White, and Blue and “Writer Movements Between News Outlets Reflect Political Polarization in Media
Interviews: Nikki Usher, University of Illinois; Nick Hagar, Northwestern University 

Episode 104: How the Left and Right Undermine Trust in Government
Studies: American Liberalism; At War With Government: How Conservatives Weaponized Distrust from Goldwater to Trump
Interviews: Paul Sabin, Yale University; Amy Fried, University of Maine

Episode 105: The Future of the Biden Agenda in Congress
Interviews: Matt Glassman, The Government Affairs Institute at Georgetown University

Episode 106: Can Democrats Design Social Programs that Survive?
Studies: Reforms at RiskBudgeting Rules and Program Outcomes
Interviews: Eric Patashnik, Brown University; Stuart Kasdin, Goleta

Episode 107: What Makes for a Skilled and Conscious Mayor?
Studies: What Makes a Good Local Leader?” and “The Pictures in Their Heads
Interviews: Julia Payson, New York University; Luisa Godinez Puig, Boston University

Episode 108: Childcare and Pre-K Expansion: Consensus or Polarization?
Studies: The Adoption of Public Pre-Kindergarten among the American States” and “Most Americans want Congress to support child care and elder care
Interviews: Rachel VanSickle-Ward, Pitzer College; Michael Little, North Carolina State University

Episode 109: How Politics Changes Our Racial Views and Identities
Studies: Racial Attitudes Through a Partisan Lens” and “Changing Votes, Changing Identities?
Interviews: Andrew Engelhardt, University of North Carolina, Greensboro; Alexander Agadjanian, University of California, Berkeley

Episode 110: Inflation Hurts Presidents, and It’s Not the Media’s Fault
Studies:Presidential Approval and Gas Prices” and “Partisan Bias in Economic News Content
Interviews: Laurel Harbridge-Yong, Northwestern University; Eric Merkley, University of Toronto

Episode 111: U.S. Democratic Decline in Comparative Perspective
Studies: Cultural BacklashIn Praise of Skepticism
Interviews: Pippa Norris, Harvard University

Episode 112: U.S. Politics – The Hyperinvolved vs. the Disengaged
Studies: The Other Divide
Interviews: Yanna Krupnikov and John Barry Ryan, Stony Brook University

Episode 113: Does the Public Respond to Threats to Democracy?
Studies:In the Mood for Democracy?” and “Citizenship in Hard Times
Interviews: Christopher Claassen, University of Glasgow; Sara Wallace Goodman, University of California, Irvine

Episode 113: Does the Public Respond to Threats to Democracy?
Studies:In the Mood for Democracy?” and “Citizenship in Hard Times
Interviews: Christopher Claassen, University of Glasgow; Sara Wallace Goodman, University of California, Irvine

Episode 114: How Does the Public Move to the Right When Policy Moves Left?
Studies: Information and Democracy, Associated Website:
Interviews: Stuart Soroka, UCLA;  Christopher Wlezien, University of Texas

Episode 115: Policymakers Follow Informed Expertise
Studies: Adam Zelizer, the University of Chicago; Christian Fong, University of Michigan
Interviews: “Is Position Taking Contagious?”; “Expertise, Networks, and Interpersonal Influence in Congress.”

Episode 116: Putin’s War and Populist Authoritarianism
Studies: How Dictatorships WorkAuthoritarianism: What Everyone Needs to Know
Interviews: Erica Frantz, Michigan State University

Episode 117: Descriptive Representation in Supreme Court Nomination
Studies: Someone Like Me” and “The Purpose of Senatorial Grandstanding during Supreme Court Confirmation Hearings“.
Interviews: Jessica Schoenherr and Katelyn E. Stauffer, University of South Carolina

Episode 118: Did Economists Move Democrats to the Right?
Studies: Thinking Like an Economist
Interviews: Elizabeth Popp Berman, University of Michigan

Episode 119: Women in (and out of) politics
Studies:This One’s For the Boys: How Gendered Political Socialization Limits Girls’ Political Ambition and Interest.”
Interviews: Mirya Holman, Tulane University

Episode 120: Abortion Politics Takes Center Stage
Studies: “Gendered Polarization and Abortion Policymaking in the States.”
Interviews: Rebecca Kreitzer, University of North Carolina

Episode 121: How Much Are Polls Misrepresenting Americans?
Studies: “Reluctant Republicans, Eager Democrats?” and “Survey Nonresponse and Mass Polarization.”
Interviews: Josh Clinton, Vanderbilt University; Amnon Cavari, Reichman University

Episode 122: Did the Birchers Win After All?
Studies: “A Conspiratorial Life: Robert Welch, the John Birch Society, and the Revolution of American Conservatism.”
Interviews: Edward Miller, Northeastern University

Episode 123: Why the Baby Boomers Rule American Politics
Studies: “Generation Gap: Why the Baby Boomers Still Dominate American Politics and Culture”
Interviews: Kevin Munger, Penn State University

Episode 124: The Past and Future of Polling
Studies: Strength in Numbers
Interviews: G. Elliott Morris, The Economist

Episode 125: Is Democracy Declining in the American States?
Studies: Laboratories Against Democracy
Interviews: Jacob Grumbach, University of Washington

Episode 126: How Primary Elections Enable Polarized Amateurs
Studies: Estimating the Ideology of Congressional Primary Electorates.
Interviews: Rachel Porter, University of Notre Dame

Episode 127: When Public Opinion Goes to the Ballot Box
Studies: Jonathan Robinson, Catalist
Interviews: “When Mass Opinion Goes to the Ballot Box

Episode 128: When Information about Candidates Persuades Voters
Studies: “When and Why Are Campaigns’ Persuasive Effects Small?” and “Newspaper Endorsements, Candidate Quality, and Election Outcomes in the United States
Interviews: Joshua Kalla, Yale; Kevin DeLuca, Harvard

Episode 129: How Misperceptions and Online Norms Drive “Cancel Culture”
Studies: “Speech Norms in Contemporary America” and “How social learning amplifies moral outrage expression in online social networks.”
Interviews: Nicholas Dias, Penn; William Brady, Northwestern 

Episode 130: When Partisanship Forms Our Identity
Studies: “Partisanship as a Social Identity” and “The Effect of Partisan Identity on Whites’ Racial Attitudes.”William Brady, Northwestern 
Interviews: Emily West, Pittsburgh

Episode 131: When Partisanship Forms Our Identity
Studies: “Partisanship as a Social Identity” and “The Effect of Partisan Identity on Whites’ Racial Attitudes.”
Interviews: Emily West, Pittsburgh

Episode 132: How We Connect Our Political Beliefs
Studies: “Measuring the Belief System of a Person” and “Belief System Networks Can Be Used to Predict Where to Expect Dynamic Constraint
Interviews: Mark Brandt, Michigan State

Episode 133: Does the 2022 Election show how Democratic Campaigns Win?
Interviews: David Shor, Blue Rose Research

Episode 134: How Early Voting Is Changing American Elections
Studies: From Pandemic to Insurrection
Interviews: Michael McDonald, University of Florida

Episode 135: How Party Leaders Change Congress
Studies: Newt Gingrich, Choosing the Leader
Interviews: Matthew Green, Catholic University

Episode 136: The Influence of Twitter on Journalism and Politics
Studies: Legitimating a Platform
Interviews: Shannon McGregor, University of North Carolina

Episode 137: Judging Biden and Congress
Studies: Hyperpartisanship and the First Hundred DaysAssessing the Trump Presidency on Its Own Terms
Interviews: Casey Dominguez, University of San Diego

Episode 138: Moderate Voters Matter
Studies: Moderates; Partisan Intoxication or Policy Voting? 
Interviews: Anthony Fowler, University of Chicago

Episode 139: How Congress Communicates
Studies: “Congress and U.S. Veterans”; “Tweeting is Leading.” 
Interviews: Lindsey Cormack, Stevens Institute of Technology; Annelise Russell, University of Kentucky

Episode 140: Changing How We Elect Presidents
Interview: Josh Putnam, Frontloading HQ

Episode 141: Racial Minorities Can Win Elections. Here’s What’s Holding Them Back.
Studies: “Evaluating the Minority Candidate Penalty with a Regression Discontinuity Approach
Interviews: Eric Gonzalez Juenke, Michigan State University

Episode 142: How Debates over Diversity and Equity Came to Dominate University Politics
Studies: Behind the Diversity Numbers; “They Only Hate the Term
Interviews: Carson Byrd, University of Michigan; Jonathan Collins, Brown University 

Episode 143: How Black Voters Choose Candidates
Study: We Choose You
Interview: Julian Wamble, George Washington University

Episode 144: Why Scandals Don’t Add up to Damage Candidates
Studies: “How Voters Punish and Donors Protect Legislators Embroiled in Scandal”; “Scandal-Ridden Campaigns
Interview: Brian Hamel, Louisiana State University; Mandi Bates Bailey, Valdosta State University

Episode 145: How to Reduce Partisan Animosity
Studies: “How Voters Punish and Donors Protect Legislators Embroiled in Scandal”; “Scandal-Ridden Campaigns”
Interviews: Robb Willer, Stanford University 

Episode 146: How Administrative Burdens Undermine Public Programs
Studies: Administrative Burden: Policymaking by Other Means
Interviews: Donald Moynihan and Pamela Herd, Georgetown University

Episode 147: The Causes and Effects of Budgeting under Threat
Interview: Joshua Huder, Georgetown University

Episode 148: How Parties Recruit and Limit Candidates
Study: Small Power
Interview: Michael Miller, Barnard College

Episode 149: Are We Producing Elites and Instability?
Study: End Times
Interview: Peter Turchin, University of Connecticut

Episode 150: Will Supreme Court Opinions Provoke Public Backlash?
Studies: Ideology and Specific Support for the Supreme CourtA decade-long longitudinal survey shows that the Supreme Court is now much more conservative than the public.
Interviews: Joe Ura, Clemson University; Stephen Jessee, University of Texas

Episode 151: Has American Business Turned Left?
Studies: “The Partisan Realignment of American Business;” and “Political Speech from Corporations is Sparse, Only Recently Liberal, and Moderately Representative.”
Interviews: Eitan Hersh, Tufts University; Soubhik Barari, Harvard University 

Episode 152: Don’t Expect Extreme Weather to Spur Climate Policy Change
Studies: “A meta-analysis of the relationship between climate change experience and climate change perception”; “Extreme weather and climate policy
Interviews: Peter Howe, Utah State University; Sam Rowan, Concordia University

Episode 153: Are Claims that Social Media Polarizes Us Overblown?
Studies: Like-minded sources on Facebook are prevalent but not polarizingReshares on social media amplify political news but do not detectably affect beliefs or opinionsHow do social media feed algorithms affect attitudes and behavior in an election campaign?Asymmetric ideological segregation in exposure to political news on Facebook.
Interviews: Andy Guess, Princeton University

Episode 154: Do the Media Drive Presidential Primaries?
Studies:  “Replicating the Discovery-Scrutiny-Decline Model of Quantity of Media Coverage in Presidential Primaries“; “Media Coverage, Public Interest, and Support in the 2016 Republican Invisible Primary.
Interviews: Zachary ScottKevin Reuning

Episode 156: Partisan Election Administrators Don’t Tip the Scales
Studies: “How Partisan is Local Election Administration?”
Interviews: Daniel Thompson, UCLA

Episode 157: Can state politicians be held accountable to the public?
Studies: Accountability in State LegislaturesDynamic Democracy
Interviews: Steven Rogers, St. Louis University; Chris Warshaw, George Washington University

Episode 158: Why Presidents Still Spend Their Time Raising Money
Studies: “Fundraiser in Chief
Interviews: “Brendan Dorhety” Naval Academy

Episode 159: The Decline of Union Democrats
Studies: “Fundraiser in Chief
Interviews: Brendan Doherty, Naval Academy 

Episode 160: Previewing 2024: How Voters Judge Presidents
Studies: “The Timeline of Presidential Elections
Interviews: Robert Erikson, Columbia University

Episode 161: Do Presidents Have the Power to Act Alone? 
Studies: “Divided Government, Strategic Substitution, and Presidential Unilateralism”; “The Myth of Imperial Presidency
Interviews: Jon Rogowski, University of Chicago; Dino Christenson, Washington University

Episode 162: The Two Sides of Immigration Backlash
Studies: “The Local Reaction to Unauthorized Mexican Migration to the U.S.”; “Reverse Backlash
Interviews: Ernesto Tiburcio of Tufts University; Alexander Kustov, University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Episode 163: The Deterioration of Congress
Studies: “Survey of Former Members of Congress
Interviews: Alex Theodoridis, UMass-Amherst

Episode 164: Elites Mispercieve the Public
Studies: “The People Think What I Think“; “Do Political Elites Have Accurate Perceptions of Social Conditions?
Interviews: Alexander Furnas, Northwestern University; Adam Thal, Marymount Layola University

Episode 165: How Bureaucrats Deal with Political Chaos Above
Studies: “Walking the Moral Tightrope“; “Vacancies among appointees in U.S. federal agencies” 
Interviews: Jaime Kucinskas, Hamilton College; Amanda Rutherford, Indiana University

Episode 166: Lessons from the COVID-era Welfare Expansion
Studies: “I don’t know nothing about that”; “Assessing public support for social policy in times of crisis.”
Interviews: Carolyn Barnes, University of Chicago; Mariely Lopez-Santana, George Mason University

Episode 167: Do voters dislike old candidates?
Studies: “Do Voters Care about the Age of their Elected Representatives?”; “Too Old to be President?
Interviews: Jennifer Wolak, Michigan State University; Semra Sevi, University of Toronto

Episode 168: How race makes us less punitive on opioid policy
Studies: “The Political Effects of Opioid Addiction Frames” and “How the Identity of Substance Users Shapes Public Opinion on Opioid Policy
Interviews: Tanika Raychaudhuri, University of Houston; Justin de Benedicts-Kessner, Harvard University

Episode 169: How will TikTok change politics?
Studies: “Not Your Parents’ Politics”; “Scrolling, Simping, and Mobilizing.”
Interviews: Neta Kligler-Vilenchik, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Richard Fox, Loyola Marymount

Episode 170: The politics of our jobs
Studies: “Office Parties”; “How Politicians’ Occupational Backgrounds Structure Politics
Interviews: Max Kagan, University of California, Berkeley; Jack Landry, Jain Family Institute

Episode 171: Does the Biden economy have bad election timing or an unfair fed?
Studies: “Presidential party affiliation and electoral cycles in the U.S. economy“; “Independent but Not Indifferent: Partisan Bias in Monetary Policy at the Fed.”
Interviews:  Joe Stone, University of Oregon; William Clark, Texas A&M University